Travel risk can occur during domestic,
international, or cruise ship travel. It can even occur during travel near
where you live depending on local hotspots, attendance at events where public
health measures are not followed, or through personal behaviors not in line
with public health recommendations. It is important to remember that behaviors
outside of the workplace affect our risk inside the workplace.
Instructions for Official Government Travel
Effective June 3, 2022, all NIH personnel, regardless
of vaccination status, are eligible for Official Government Travel(OGT). Employees are strongly encouraged
to get vaccinated before travel. Vaccination status will still have implications for personnel
returning from international travel. Non-U.S. Citizens and Non-U.S. Immigrants will
be required to show proof of vaccination prior to entering the United States. All
personnel that are unvaccinated will be required to quarantine after returning
from international travel. See the section below on CDC International Travel
Guidelines for U.S. Citizens, Lawful Permanent Residents, and Immigrants for additional
details on the impact of vaccination status on OGT.
NIH has adopted the latest CDC guidance on
domestic and international travel as the standard risk mitigation strategy for
OGT. Please see the links under General Travel Recommendations for details.
OMS, in coordination with DOHS, is available to develop tailored risk
mitigation strategies for special situations. Please send inquiries to OMSMonitoringProgram@mail.nih.gov or call 301-480-8990 for assistance.
Regardless of vaccination status, you should
not initiate OGT travel (without a negative COVID test) or return to work
(without clearance by OMS) if you or any of your travel companions:
- Are sick with symptoms of COVID-19 (even if up to date
on vaccinations against COVID-19 or have recovered from COVID-19 in the
- Have suspected or diagnosed COVID-19 (even if you don't
- Have been around someone with suspected or diagnosed
COVID-19 in the past 5 days (even if they did not have symptoms).
- If you become Ill with COVID while on OGT please ensure
you isolate and reach out to your supervisor and EO for more information.
Quarantine after International OGT.
Personnel that are not Up-to-Date on their COVID – 19
vaccinations must stay home and self-quarantine for 5 days after travel. A viral test is recommended 3-5 days after returning from travel unless
you have documentation of having recovered from COVID-19 in the past 90 days.
Supervisors should consider this when approving international OGT as it may
impact onsite operations when personnel return from international OGT.
Attending Conferences and Large Professional
Gatherings on OGT
Personnel on OGT to attend conferences and
large professional gatherings (e.g., meetings, training sessions, site visits,
etc.) may encounter elevated exposure risk even if the location that they are
visiting is considered a low-risk destination by the CDC. These events may be
attended by people from a wide geographic area and present an increased chance
When considering attendance at a conference or
large event (e.g., 50+ people) request the event organizer's COVID-19 plan. A
proper and thorough plan will demonstrate that the organizers have considered
ways to reduce potential COVID-19 transmission. The plan will discuss
vaccination requirements, local jurisdiction requirements, social distancing,
facial coverings, ventilation, cleaning, screening, and reporting of COVID-19
cases. The elements covered in this plan should be covered in the event plan.
DOHS recommends that you consider not attending conferences or large
professional gatherings where vaccination is not mandatory.
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Travel continues to be associated with
increased risk of exposure to SARS-CoV-2 --- even for travelers who are Up to
Date on their COVID - 19
vaccinations --- due to the increased transmissibility of Omicron variants. Links
for CDC travel guidance are listed below.
CDC Domestic Travel Guidelines
CDC International Travel Guidelines for U.S.
Citizens, Lawful Permanent Residents, and Immigrants
CDC International Travel Guidelines for Non-U.S. Citizens and Non-U.S. Immigrants
CDC Cruise Ship Guidance
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Best Practices for all Travelers
Utilizing best practices helps to reduce the
spread of SARS-CoV-2. Determining when it is safe for you to return to NIH
facilities depends on the level of risk of exposure within two weeks of your
coming to campus, presence of symptoms, and whether you are Up to
Date on vaccinations,
including appropriate boosters. See “Instructions for Official Government
Travel" above for more details.
Travel destination, or the location of origin
of visitors, is a factor to consider when evaluating risk of exposure to
SARS-CoV-2. The NIH uses the CDC COVID - 19 Community Levels
webpage for domestic travel and the CDC COVID Travel
Recommendations by Destination webpage for international travel to
evaluate risk and provide recommended mitigation measures. Other websites maintained
by state health departments and reputable media outlets are also resources to
geographically inform employees of COVID cases. For example, data used to
construct metrics indicating hotspots are maintained by the Johns Hopkins
University Coronavirus Resource Center at https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/us-map.
Standard precautions for all travelers:
- Get Up to Date
on vaccination prior to travel if at all possible.
- Check your destination's COVID-19 situation before
traveling using the links listed above. Also be aware that state, tribal,
local, and territorial governments may have travel restrictions and other
public health measures in place. Information on those can be found on the
website of the local department of health.
- Wearing a mask over your nose and mouth is recommended in
indoor areas of public transportation (including airplanes) and indoors in
U.S. transportation hubs (including airports). Consider double masking or
other options for improving mask fit and filtration found in Appendix I -
Mask Fit-Enhancement Techniques if you have an immunocompromising
condition or other reason to require an enhanced level of safety.
- Adhere to physical distancing, facial covering, and
hand hygiene as directed by the locality that you are visiting. Those with
immunocompromising conditions are encouraged to maintain physical
distancing, facial covering, and hand hygiene even if it is not mandated
by the locality.
- Do not travel if you are sick, tested positive for
COVID-19 and haven't ended isolation, had close contact with a person with
COVID-19 and haven't ended quarantine, or are waiting for results of a
- Understand the risks that you are taking, e.g.,
activities, destinations, or modes of transportation, and maintain
awareness of ill persons in your vicinity.
- If you suspect that you had potential high-risk
exposures while traveling or developed symptoms of COVID – 19, please
report them to OMS via the OMS
COVID-19 Screening Questionnaire within 24 hours of return. A
definition of a high-risk exposure and expectations of personnel that have
experienced a high-risk exposure are discussed in the section Requirements for
Persons After an Exposure.
Risk factors that may increase
travel-associated COVID-19 exposure
- Travel by public transportation (air, bus, or train).
- Prolonged presence in public areas (shopping districts,
pedestrian zones, narrow walkways, etc.).
- Crowded settings such as bars, casinos, movie theaters,
and gyms and large gatherings such as concerts, sporting events and
re-unions or parties with family or friends outside of your household.
- Travel to a high-risk area, i.e., with ongoing,
widespread community transmission, or visitors from such an area coming
into your home.