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Division of International Services

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Visiting Scientists
12- and 24-Month Bars

On Repeat J Program Participation

The purpose of the J-1 Exchange Visitor Program is to facilitate understanding between the U.S. and other countries through mutual exchange. To encourage this goal, the U.S. Department of State created bars on repeat J program participation. The 12- and 24-month bars may apply to you if you previously spent time in the U.S. in J-1 or J-2 status and now wish to return as a J-1 Research Scholar/Professor. Depending on the duration and category of your previous J program (see box 4 on Form DS-2019), you may be subject to a 12-month bar, a 24-month bar, or neither.

Note:

  • These bars do not prevent you from returning to the U.S. in a different immigration status.
  • These bars are different than the two-year home residence requirement (212e). There is no waiver for the 12- or 24-month bar.

The charts below show how long you must wait before you can start a new J-1 Research Scholar/Professor program based on the duration and category of your previous J program. The wait time begins the day after your previous J program ended.


Previous J Program Duration: 6 months or less

Previous J Category

Wait for new J-1 Research Scholar/Professor Program

Any category besides Research Scholar/Professor
No wait
Research Scholar/Professor
24 months
 

Previous J Program Duration: More than 6 months

Previous J Category

Wait for new J-1 Research Scholar/Professor Program

Any category besides Research Scholar/Professor
12 months
Research Scholar/Professor
24 months



Revised 02/2021

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